© Reuters. TEPAV: While the number of businesses increased in 63 sectors, the number of farmers decreased by 8.9 percent in the last year
While the number of workplaces has increased in 63 sectors in the last year, the number of farmers has shrunk by 8.9 percent. Economic Policy Research Foundation of Turkey (
In December, the number of insured employees increased by 4.4 percent annually and reached 21.1 million. While the increase was 6.2 percent in the wage earners group, which constitutes 72.2 percent of the total insured workers, the changes in the tradesman-farmer group were 0.8 percent and -8.9 percent, respectively. The trend of contraction in the number of farmers, which has accelerated since August 2019, deepened with the pandemic and continued throughout the year. The increase in the number of insured employees in the public sector is 1.3 percent.
High-rate decreases in the employment of sectors affected by the COVID-19 outbreak continue. Among these sectors, employment loss was 9.9 percent in accommodation and food, and 9.8 percent in culture, arts, entertainment, recreation and sports. In addition, a similar contraction (11.2 percent) is observed in the activity of administrative support and support services compared to the April-May 2020 period. On the other hand, the contraction by 50 percent in the activity of households as employers, which includes domestic services, continues. However, there are partial transfers from this group to those working in household services for more than 10 days.
The highest employment increases of 2020 were realized in manufacturing, construction, real estate activities and wholesale and retail trade sectors. It is observed that the employment increase in these sectors, where a recovery was observed in the second half of the year, accelerated towards the end of the year. On the other hand, high employment increases (43.3 percent) continue in the human health and social services sector, which stands out due to the pandemic.
The number of workplaces has increased in 63 sectors in the last year. Number of establishments operating in Turkey increased by 3.7 percent in December 2020 was 1 million 961 thousand. With an increase of 21 thousand, the building construction sector is the sector with the highest increase in the number of workplaces. This sector was followed by retail trade, home services employees for more than 10 days and real estate activities. It is observed that the number of workplaces has increased rapidly in sectors such as the production of pharmaceuticals and pharmaceutical materials, inpatient care activities or postal and courier activities, whose activities have intensified during the epidemic.
Although limited, employment growth has been observed for the first time in Antalya after the pandemic. In Nevşehir, another tourism city, a more positive employment outlook can be mentioned. On the other hand, limited increases are observed in employment in the eastern provinces of Kars (2 percent), Siirt (3.1 percent) and Şırnak (3.5 percent). Ardahan and Hakkari stand out as the provinces with shrinking employment throughout the year. Annual employment in these provinces decreased by 2.8 percent and 2.6 percent, respectively, in December 2020.
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